London: Actor David Harbour says the new season of ‘Stranger Things’ will examine his character, Chief Jim Hopper’s relationship with his adopted daughter, Eleven. Harbour said season three will explore their dynamic and how it is changing now that Eleven is growing up, reported Digital Spy. “Eleven is growing up and I think that’s the terrifying thing for Hopper. He doesn’t like the idea of his baby daughter hanging out with boys. So the season starts with him a little bit uncomfortable. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”His daughter is becoming a teenager and beginning to find herself, so that’s scarier for Hopper than any Demogorgon creature that he’s going to have to deal with,” Harbour said at MCM Comic-Con. The actor teased that the episode eight of the new season is something to look out for. “You get to see a lot of that throughout the season and it’s very unexpected what happens in the end and it’s very, very moving. I think episode eight is the most moving thing we’ve ever shot,” he said. The series has received 31 Emmy Award nominations, including for Outstanding Drama Series, four Golden Globe Award nominations, and won the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series in 2016. ‘Stranger Things 3’ will launch on Netflix on July 4.
Kolkata: State Education minister Partha Chatterjee made it clear on Thursday that the state government is working on gainful utilisation of surplus teachers in a number of schools in the state. He also announced that school uniforms for students will be procured through a transparent tender process.”We have found out that in a number of schools there are few students but teachers are in a surplus. This cannot be accepted. Teachers will have to go to those schools where there is a dearth,” Chatterjee said. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe minister chaired a review meeting with the District Inspectors (DI) and School Inspectors (SI) along with other officials in the district level and took stock of the various government schemes and their implementation and stumbled upon irregularities associated with various government schemes at the school level. School Education secretary Manish Jain pulled up some DIs and SIs for placing demand of more uniforms or shoes than was actually required in the schools of the district. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has instructed our officials to ensure that the various schemes reach the beneficiaries properly. We organise meetings from time to time to take stock. Wherever we will find irregularities, strong action will be taken,” he added. According to sources who attended the meeting, Nadia’s DI has requisitioned for 79,000 bags and shoes for Class V. But it has been found that the total student strength in the class is 62,000. In West Midnapore, the department had dispatched 84,000 bags for class V but the student strength is 65,000. DI Howrah also faced questions from the Education secretary for demanding 84,000 bags against a student strength of 63,000 in class V. DI Jalpaiguri could not answer to a query on why a school in Nagrakata has been lying closed.
In 1836, Alexander Hamilton’s son avenged his father’s death thirty-two years earlier by disparaging Aaron Burr in court, as Burr’s wife’s divorce attorney. Burr was accused of multiple infidelities which he hotly denied, using his advanced age as an excuse. In 1804, longstanding rivals Aaron Burr, the Vice-President of the United States, and Alexander Hamilton, the former Secretary of the Treasury, met at Weehawken, New Jersey for a duel. They stood ten paces apart and fired at each other with flintlock pistols.A 20th century artistic rendering by J. Mund depicting the July 11, 1804 duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton.Hamilton missed, possibly intentionally, but Burr did not. The bullet he fired hit Hamilton just above his right hip, passing through his liver and spine. Hamilton died the next day at the New York home of his friend William Bayard Jr., a New York banker.Burr and Hamilton were political rivals. In 1791, Burr won a senate seat over Philip Schuyler, Hamilton’s father in law, who would have supported Hamilton and his policies (at the time, Hamilton was Secretary of the Treasury). Hamilton became angry because of Burr’s victory, and he was known to carry a grudge.Historical marker of Hamilton-Burr duel in Weehawken, NJ. Photo by Billy Hathorn CC BY-SA 3.0In 1800, Hamilton wrote a treatise criticizing President John Adams but never intended it to be published to the general public. Burr obtained the document and had it published, embarrassing Hamilton. Later that year, Burr and Thomas Jefferson ran for President, resulting in a tie. Hamilton pushed Congress to give the election to Jefferson, making Burr the Vice President.The race for governor of New York in 1804 intensified the bad feelings between the two when Burr, a Republican, ran independently. Hamilton was strongly opposed to Burr being governor and campaigned New York Federalists to turn against him.Bust of Aaron Burr as Vice President.Burr lost the election to Morgan Lewis who ran as a Republican. Burr blamed Hamilton for his loss. At a dinner party hosted by Republican Dr. Charles D. Cooper in New York, Hamilton made his feelings for Burr known.Dr. Cooper alluded to Hamilton’s remarks in a letter to Philip Schuyler which was published in the Albany Register. Burr wrote to Hamilton demanding to know what he said. Hamilton played dumb, and the angry correspondence between the two increased until Burr demanded that Hamilton recant the insults, which Hamilton refused to do. Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel.Alexander Hamilton, portrait by John Trumbull 1806.In early colonial times, dueling, brought from England, was the way a man defended his honor, especially in the Southern states. By this time, dueling had been made illegal in New York and New Jersey, and Burr was charged with murder.20 Awesome historical words that we should bring backBurr had hoped that the duel would put him back into the political spotlight and it did, but not favorably. He removed himself to his daughter’s home in South Carolina for a while but returned to Washington to complete his term as Vice President. Eventually, the charges against Burr were dropped, but his political career was ruined.The pair of flintlock pistols used for the Burr-Hamilton duel, on July 11, 1804, at Weehawken, New Jersey. The pistols were handmade by Wogdon & Barton, English gunsmiths from London.Burr found himself in several sticky situations over the years involving a charge of treason for attempting to take over Mexico and several western territories, but because no one would come forward as a witness, the charges were dropped.Aaron Burr and his daughter Theodosia.Burr then removed himself to England to escape his many creditors, having to borrow the money for his trip. He moved around to Scotland, France, Germany and Sweden but his continued attempts at conquering Mexico got him expelled from England and incurred the disdain of Napoleon Bonaparte, keeping him from ever returning to France.Burr returned to the United States, lying low using his mother’s maiden name until, with the help of prominent New Yorkers Samuel Swartwout and Matthew L. Davis, he was able to resume his law practice.Lithograph of Eliza Jumel.Burr’s wife, Theodosia Bartow Prevost, had died in 1794 of cancer. In 1833, Burr, at the age of seventy-seven, married Eliza Jumel, one of the wealthiest widows in New York. Within four months, Eliza realized she was losing her fortune due to Burr’s squandering on unsuccessful ventures. She decided to divorce Burr.Read another story from us:Famous people with historical “twins”The attorney she chose for the divorce was Alexander Hamilton Jr., the son of the man Burr had killed. The proceedings took two years, and the divorce was finalized on September 14, 1836, the day of Burr’s death. Burr died never knowing he was divorced.
The Amish community in the United States was formed out of Swiss German Anabaptists who emigrated from Europe in the 18th century, following the failed Radical Reformation, after more than a century of civil wars, poverty, and persecution. They mostly settled in Pennsylvania, and brought with them their specific way of life, together with a very zealous understanding of Christian fate. Evolving from one of the most radical factions of Martin Luther’s rebellion, the Amish took their religion very seriously, as they still do.Amish and Mennonite women at a farm auction.Amish in IndianaDue to their strict understanding of the Bible, numerous luxuries of the modern world were vastly rejected.Among them was photography.Amish man and woman prepare beef for canning in March 1942.Amish wagonAs the Second Commandment prohibits the making of “graven images” ― photography, as well as painting and film are considered by the Amish to be nothing more than a needless promotion of individualism and vanity. This mostly applies to posed photos as they perceive this kind of physical representation as a show of pride, arrogance, and haughtiness, all of which fall under the term “Hochmut”.The opposite of “Hochmut” is humility or “Demut” and “Gelassenheit” meaning calmness, composure, and placidity. These are the two principles on which the Amish govern themselves, so rejection of photography doesn’t come as a surprise.Amish menAn English and Amish girl are tutored by their non-Amish teacher in 1938 in Lancaster County, PA.Barreville, PA. March 1942.Honey Brook, Pennsylvania (vicinity). Amish farmland dipping harness in oilLancaster County, Pennsylvania.Lancaster County, PennsylvaniaPhoto by Landis Valley MuseumThis beardless unmarried man, not yet a member of the church, may have posed for this photograph while he was working in the barn. March, 1942On the other hand, some Amish believe that photographing is allowed if it captures an image of them, without their knowledge, or as they call it “unposed”.Thus, there are rarely any Amish people caught on film. However, in the late 19th and early 20th century, while photography was an innovation not quite regulated by the Amish code of living, some people agreed to have their pictures taken.This horse-drawn John Deere plow came up for auction in Lancaster County, PA in March 1942.Some were made as school photos, capturing both the Amish children and their schoolmates of different creeds. Others were made as part of county fairs or other celebrations.Portrait photographers and anthropologists alike hurled to Amish settlements at the dawn of a new century, in attempts to capture the lifestyle of people who resisted change for more than a hundred years.But the communities sensed the disturbance which these strangers brought with them ― very soon signs saying “No photos please” became a common sight in every Amish settlement.Read another story from us: The Most Famous Middle Finger on Earth Belongs to Galileo GalileiToday, Amish are resilient as ever against reckless tourists who disrespect their wish to avoid cameras but are willing to cooperate with documentary filmmakers and professional photographers who are familiar with their code.
Just a week after “The Minneapolis Miracle,” the Vikings got run off the field against the Eagles, and Colin doesn’t expect to see them back playing for a Super Bowl berth this time next year.Minnesota finished the regular season at 13-3, but everything broke right. From miracle touchdowns, to playing in a division without Aaron Rodgers, and a weak schedule, everything that could go their way, did. Next year, it’s not clear who will be their quarterback, Rodgers is back in the division, and they’ll have one of the toughest schedules in the league.Some teams have a large window to contend, but most teams only get one run when everything comes together. Colin thinks the Vikings had their chance, and they blew it.The Minnesota Vikings blew it pic.twitter.com/JTWPpwBMgo— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) January 22, 2018 Advertisement
The NFL Draft is in the books and instead of picking draft winners and losers, Colin decided to release an offseason Herd Hierarchy of the NFL’s Top 10 teams, taking into account draft picks AND immediately impactful free agency acquisitions.The top of the list will look familiar, but there are some omissions (Saints, Bears and Browns) that will surely have you filling up with his mentions with outrage tweets. Like it or not, here’s Colin’s Top 10 after a flurry of offseason activity.
January 13, 2016 6 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. LAS VEGAS – Every year in early January a crop of shiny, new technologies is unveiled at the Consumer Electronics Show, also known as CES. A handful of these new technologies will be very useful to entrepreneurs. The trick is finding them at a tradeshow with 2.2 million square feet of exhibit space overflowing with consumer goods ranging from TV’s to toys to self-driving vehicles.I’ve learned where to look for them. Annually for the past 10 years my agency, BIGfish PR, has launched at least one new entrepreneurial or innovative technology for our clients at CES. It’s taught me where on the show floor to discover tech that could be useful to an entrepreneur. Whether it’s increasing productivity, saving time or money, traveling more easily or being more connected, there is always something new and useful to be found at the show.Here are my top six technology picks from this latest CES that can truly help upgrade an entrepreneur’s business or life in general.1. Never run out of storage on your phone.Robin by Nextbit is a carrier agnostic Android phone that won’t let you down when you hit maximum storage capacity. Once the phone’s 32GB internal storage reaches capacity, the device automatically and intelligently moves your lesser used apps and content to the cloud where Robin owners have an additional 100GB of storage space. The phone has a 5.2-inch IPS LCD 1080P screen, a 2680 mAh battery and a fingerprint ID built into the side edge of the device for added security. Robin by NextbitImage Credit: NextbitRobin comes with an unlocked sim card and is available for order through the Nextbit website for $399.Related: Feds Raid Hoverboard Booth at CES2. Search and find patents like a pro.CES saw the debut of a new search engine called Omnity.io that can run searches by full document rather than by keyword or key phrase. Currently, Omnity.io costs nothing to use and only searches through free, open content databases like Wikipedia and the U.S. Patent Office. Entrepreneurs can enter entire patent documents into Omnity.io and the search engine will use semantics and various components of the full document as the basis to find similar documents. Once the search is complete, Omnity.io will not only serve up search results but also provide a visualization of how closely related results are, which then can then be easily exported as a PDF file.Omnity.io Search Engine VisualizationImage credit: Omnity.ioOmnity.io is currently free to use; however, the founding team tells me eventually there will be a moderate monthly fee to accompany a greater range of both free and paid databases that will be included in searches.3. Make calls from loud places.For entrepreneurs who work in open or shared office spaces, or regularly find themselves in really loud environments, there’s the Job Site Ear Buds from Tough Tested. These ear buds are designed specifically for construction workers and tradesmen to take calls while motorized equipment roars in the background, so there’s every reason to expect they will perform well in a noisy, high-energy start-up space. The ear bud cords are constructed with heavy gauge wire that is Kevlar reinforced, making them perfectly suited for the wear and tear of an entrepreneur on the go. Job Site Ear Buds employ EQ/VOICE technology and a Halo 360 microphone for good call clarity.Job Site Ear Buds by Tough TestedImage credit: Tough TestedJob Site Ear Buds retail for $69.99 and are available for purchase at ToughTested.comRelated: The 6 Weirdest Gadgets at CES4. Optimize your cell phone connectivity.Mobile phones usually default to Wi-Fi over cellular connectivity for data usage. Most of the time this is a good thing as it keeps data costs down; however, there are times when a phone is just close enough to a router to pick up a faint Wi-Fi signal but is far enough from that router to only get a snail’s crawl worth of data. This can be infuriating, especially when the phone displays full bars for cellular service.Enter Speedify Mobile from Connectify, Inc. a new app for Android or iOS devices that manages the combination of mobile data and Wi-Fi networks to deliver the fastest speeds available at any point in time. Speedify Mobile seamlessly hands-off between mobile networks and Wi-Fi networks so downloads and videos keep streaming over the fastest network available. Users can easily set Speedify to only use 4G LTE networks when Wi-Fi gets congested or fades out.Speedify Mobile by Connectify, Inc.Image credit: Connectify, Inc.Speedify Mobile for Android and iOS is available for download at speedify.com. The first 1GB of Speedify Mobile managed data is free every month. After that it’s $4.99 per month or $29.99 per year.5. Never miss an important call or message again.Ditto is a super simple device that does one thing — it vibrates when an important call or message comes into your phone. Ditto, made by SimpleMatters, is about the size of a bottle cap and can be clipped on to clothing where it can be discreetly concealed. The device, which is configured through a free Android or iOS app, can be set to vibrate on specific calls, texts and/or messages through third party apps including WhatsApp, Google Hangouts, Facebook and Snapchat. This can be a very useful tool for any entrepreneur who doesn’t always carry a phone but needs to always answer that important call. Ditto runs on a watch battery, so there is no recharging. The app will notify you when it’s time to change the battery.Ditto by SimpleMattersImage credit: SimpleMattersDitto comes in three colors: black, white and clear and retails for $39.95 at SimpleMatters.com.6. Always know where your luggage is.For those jam-packed flights where every overhead bin is full and the only option is to check a carry-on stuffed with business-critical items, there’s the Bluesmart Carry-on. The Bluesmart Carry-on suitcase has built in real-time location tracking and a remote locking system that is accessible through a companion mobile app. Bluesmart bags can be located anywhere in the world using the in-app tracking system, which uses both GPS and 3G. In addition to tracking, travelers can also lock and unlock the suitcase remotely from the app, so if your bag goes missing they have a better chance of getting it back with all contents intact.Bluesmart Carry-onImage credit: BluesmartThe Bluesmart Carry-on is a bit steep, retailing for $399 but that’s a small price to pay if you travel frequently with mission-critical items. Carry-on by Bluesmart is available for purchase at Bluesmart.com and later this year the company will be releasing a larger, checked luggage version of the smart suitcase.Related: Chevy’s New Electric Car to Compete With Tesla But Will Cost Much, Much Less Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 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March 1, 2016 7 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. The introduction of Google’s Panda algorithm left webmasters and online business owners alike scrambling. The change was designed to lower the rank of low-quality or “thin” sites and return higher-quality sites to the top of the search results. But that change left business owners anxious, as they searched furiously for new and innovative ways to create the consistent and exceptional content that would protect their search rankings.Related: 10 Smart Ways to Earn or Build Backlinks to Your WebsiteThe result is that it’s no longer as easy to rank online content as it once was. But, here’s a tip regarding one of the most overlooked ways to generate content: You should be replacing dead resources, often referred to as the dreaded “link rot.”What Is link rot?”Link rot” refers to hyperlinks that point to servers, web pages or other resources that have become permanently unavailable — in other words, links that lead nowhere. For example, if another site has a link to your website, and then that website goes down, changes its URL or deletes your post, the link to your site will no longer work.Link rot is actually worse than it sounds. At first glance, it may seem like little more than your site appearing unpolished, but it has become a serious problem for both businesses and bloggers. A couple of years ago, an NPR post described it as a virtual epidemic. “It’s extraordinarily bad for the long-term maintenance of the information we need, say, to understand the law,” Jonathan Zittrain, professor of law and computer science at Harvard University, told NPR.Link rot is particularly common with older websites, because the average web page is online for only 9.3 years and only 62 percent of sites are actually archived. Just think, then, of how the existence of so many bad links means crucial information getting lost to online users.Why does link rot happen? Here are some reasons:The content has been moved to another folder in the content management system.The webmaster switches to a new CMS that changes the entire link structure and naming convention of the post or page.The website domain has expired.Whatever the cause, link rot is a frustrating experience that can cause users looking for content to abandon a website altogether and search elsewhere. And the last thing you want is for yours to be the site at the end of one of these broken links! Now, think of how you could also benefit from these scenarios by filling in those gaps and offering better resources instead. Related: Google’s Latest Search Update is a Reminder to Focus on QualityYou can leverage link rot.You can boost your brand authority and earn quality backlinks by leveraging link rot to your advantage. Comb through influential websites, online journals and even your competitors’ websites to look for broken links and 404-error pages. Then create a similarly-themed resource and turn it into an epic, stand-alone post. Use graphs, statistics, research and interviews with influencers to really fill out your content.To find the content of a missing page, use a tool like Internet Archive, which also calls itself the “Wayback Machine.” Use this site to browse over 10 million online documents, even many that are no longer published on the web. Simply enter the URL into the search field and Internet Archive will give you snapshots of the pages you’re looking for over a set period of time.Not all domains will yield results using Internet Archive. To offer useful results, the website that you’re researching must have a solid digital footprint with a fair number of backlinks, while older sites with multiple posts and pages will have more archived content. If a site was removed shortly after it was launched or if it never built any backlinks, it’s also less likely to be archived.What happens if the content can’t be found? You could go the extra mile and track down the original author, or look for another outlet that has written about the topic. Google the name of the page or any other info you have, to see what other sites have referenced it.If you come up empty, get inspired by the theme of the lost article and create a lengthy post on the same topic that influencers are likely to share.Create extraordinary content.Once you have your list of link rot articles, start brainstorming ways to recreate and improve upon these lost pages. Remember, the goal isn’t simply to republish the archived content on your own site. The author of the original content still retains the rights to the work, even if his or her website is no longer on the web. It’s best to figure out the most important points of the document and then build on that with your own expertise.Visit online forums in your niche and ask what types of content people are looking for and what types of information they need. Getting information directly from your target market keeps your posts laser-focused, but also gives you a fan base to start with. So, reach out and let everyone know it’s ready to go — and be sure to thank all the people who helped!You can also find inspiration by looking at what some of your competitors are posting. If they’re offering lots of statistics and graphs, think bigger and add a video component with interviews. The idea is to blow their posts out of the water so that even their own readers can’t help but link back to your resource.Include the resource name in your title for search traffic.Many people who stumble across a page that no longer exists try to find a duplicate of it elsewhere. They’ll usually start by Googling the document name in quotes, so give them exactly what they’re looking for by using the same, or a similar page title as the one that had the link rot. If you do that, anyone searching for that broken page will find your resource easily.After all, it’s a waste of time to create phenomenal new content if no one is there to read it. Work on your promotional strategy from day one by reaching out to influential bloggers and thought leaders.Ask what kind of content they would consider including on their sites, or just check in and let them know that you enjoyed their recent article. Send a follow-up email to let them know that your new post is ready and you thought that they might enjoy it. Let them know you’d appreciate a share. You’d be surprised how often people are willing to do what you want — as long as you ask nicely.Promote your new content.Next, find out who’s linking to you, and why. A tool like SEMrush can tell you how many backlinks you have, and what kind. For example, according to SEMrush, my digital marketing agency, SingleGrain.com, recently had 3,900 visits in organic search traffic and more than 1,000 backlinks. I can even see what keywords people used, like “digital marketing agency” and “marketing funnel.”Scroll down further and the site details who has backlinked to me. If I had link rot, my competitors could find out who linked to my post or page, write to them directly, and tell them about the broken link. They could then conveniently share their new URL with an amazing new resource with which to replace the link.Related: 5 Affordable Ways to Get Your Business Noticed OnlineDo the same yourself, and the benefits to your brand and your website could be immense.Have you ever tried taking advantage of link rot as part of your content marketing strategy? Please share your thoughts in the comments below: Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Register Now »
This story originally appeared on Reuters 3 min read Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. March 7, 2016 Apple Inc. customers were targeted by hackers over the weekend in the first campaign against Macintosh computers using a pernicious type of software known as ransomware, researchers with Palo Alto Networks Inc. told Reuters on Sunday.Ransomware, one of the fastest-growing types of cyber threats, encrypts data on infected machines, then typically asks users to pay ransoms in hard-to-trace digital currencies to get an electronic key so they can retrieve their data.Security experts estimate that ransoms total hundreds of millions of dollars a year from such cyber criminals, who typically target users of Microsoft Corp.’s Windows operating system.Palo Alto Threat Intelligence Director Ryan Olson said the “KeRanger” malware, which appeared on Friday, was the first functioning ransomware attacking Apple’s Mac computers.”This is the first one in the wild that is definitely functional, encrypts your files and seeks a ransom,” Olson said in a telephone interview.Hackers infected Macs through a tainted copy of a popular program known as Transmission, which is used to transfer data through the BitTorrent peer-to-peer file sharing network, Palo Alto said on a blog posted on Sunday afternoon.When users downloaded version 2.90 of Transmission, which was released on Friday, their Macs were infected with the ransomware, the blog said.An Apple representative said the company had taken steps over the weekend to prevent further infections by revoking a digital certificate that enabled the rogue software to install on Macs. The representative declined to provide other details.Transmission responded by removing the malicious version of its software from its website. On Sunday it released a version that its website said automatically removes the ransomware from infected Macs.The website advised Transmission users to immediately install the new update, version 2.92, if they suspected they might be infected.Palo Alto said on its blog that KeRanger is programmed to stay quiet for three days after infecting a computer, then connect to the attacker’s server and start encrypting files so they cannot be accessed.After encryption is completed, KeRanger demands a ransom of 1 bitcoin, or about $400, the blog said.Olson, the Palo Alto threat intelligence director, said that the victims whose machines were compromised but not cleaned up could start losing access to data on Monday, which is three days after the virus was loaded onto Transmission’s site.Representatives with Transmission could not be reached for comment.(Editing by Jeffrey Benkoe and Sandra Maler) Register Now »
15+ min read Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Enroll Now for Free Innovations and disruptions are becoming increasingly common as they occur at never before seen rates. Many of the technologies that we expect to shape the future have already started making an impact on our lives. Yet, recent developments in these areas are pointing to significant repercussions that these technologies will have on our everyday lives in the future, often in unexpected ways.Here are six key trends in technology that will impact our lives over the next decade.1. Quantum mechanics and its impact on living processes.The use of quantum mechanics in computing has led to significant progress in the creation of larger and more powerful machines that can solve complex problems that are outside the realm of capability for today’s classical computers. IBM, Google and Intel are among the tech conglomerates making giant strides in the race to create truly functional quantum computers. Presently, IBM has a 50-qubit computer, accessible for use over a cloud platform which falls behind Google’s 72-qubit chip. However, Google’s version is yet to have practical applications to test it while IBM already has researchers working with it.While scientists are looking into the mysterious forces of quantum mechanics that will deliver the next major computing breakthrough, quantum forces have been helping scientists unravel the mysteries of life itself.In recent years, there have been some significant breakthroughs in the exciting field of Quantum Biology, a fast emerging discipline that examines whether quantum mechanics plays a fundamental part in biology and the living processes of organisms. In their landmark 2014 paper, a team at University College London found evidence that quantum mechanical forces play a crucial role in supporting energy transfer during photosynthesis in plants, or the fundamental process that ultimately powers most life on earth.In the field of quantum computing, one of the barriers hampering the development of quantum computers is the high instability of qubits (the quantum equivalent of classical bits used in our present day computers). For quantum computing to work, the physical objects such as chips, which implement qubits, need to be in a supercooled energy state for qubits to remain stable. Even at that low temperature, qubits retain stability for an extremely short time; a challenge scientists are fighting to overcome.As it turns out, though, living things including humans, have been relying on quantum mechanics at room temperature inside the wet and messy world of biology for a very long time. For instance, scientists are baffled by the manner in which enzymes accelerate processes. At times this acceleration is more than a trillion-fold. In recent decades, experiments have revealed a trick known as quantum tunneling. This is the process through which electrons vanish from one position inside a molecule and appear instantly in another. Evidence of the crucial role played by these quantum mechanical forces in many biological processes is fast emerging. This includes in respiration, vision, in shaping our sense of smell and even in affecting DNA mutations that are fundamental to the existence of all life.As this emerging field develops in the coming decade, could these mysterious and confusing quantum forces that seem to defy all reality, help shed light on the ultimate question of what it means to be alive?Related: IBM Just Made a Powerful Research Tool Available to Everyone for Free2: CRISPR and the DIY gene editing movement.CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) refers to a technology that allows scientists to edit the DNA within genes to make precise changes to cells. An ability to alter the genetic blueprint of life essentially makes it possible to modify the traits of living things. It allows for high specificity, effectively knocking out specific genes, making precision edits to DNA, stimulating activation or repressing genes.The technology has been around for the past decade or so and has been used to change the DNA of plants and animals in beneficial ways. It works by isolating a specific DNA strand and replacing it with the desired one. It has been used with success to create insect-resistant crop varieties and hardier livestock. However, it also offers great potential in healthcare. Cell modeling offers prospects of curing genetic diseases.Some of the recent research projects in the field include efforts to wipe out malaria by introducing malaria-resistant mosquitoes and fixing defective bone marrow cells to cure sickle cell anemia. There is unlimited potential for CRISPR, but the science world is still in the early stages of figuring out practical applications for this technology. When a technique as powerful as CRISPR is born into the radically connected and open-source world of the internet, some interesting things (good and bad) tend to happen.On the positive side, knowledge tends to flow away from being trapped behind the monolithic research labs of large corporations to being accessible and available in open communities. Similar to the counterculture movement that happened during the personal computer revolution in the 80s, there is a wave of citizen-driven, DIY research being powered by a new breed of amateur biohackers. But unlike during the PC era, the stakes are much higher now with CRISPR — the hackers from the 80s couldn’t mess with DNA, the blueprint for life.Understandably, strong ethical concerns have been raised around the application of CRISPR technology. For instance, a year ago, a biotech CEO publicly injected himself with an untested treatment for herpes. This is, by no means, an exception in biohacking stunts. But, if harnessed correctly, the principles of openness and knowledge sharing that underpins these DIY biohacker movements will seed interest amongst a new breed of talent who otherwise might not have been exposed to the CRISPR technology at all.It is important to encourage these open source biohacking movements, while also implementing strong ethical rules around them. Such movements will help seed interest in the next generation of Steve Jobs and Linus Torvald who might be biohacking away in their parent’s garage right now!Related: A Bill Gates-Backed Gene Editing Startup Is Going Public3. Digital wealth, freelancing and non-traditional jobs.The rich get richer by owning good appreciating assets. As such, an individual who only has a high income but does not invest in good assets cannot create long-term generational wealth. This is especially true in this age of disruption and career uncertainties. Gone are our parents’ times of being a loyal employee to a company that would take care of you well into your retirement. Such career stability is a thing of the past. Flexible, short-term assignments and freelancing is the fastest growing job trend right now. According to a 2018 study conducted by Edelman Intelligence and Upwork, nearly half (46 percent) of Generation Z college graduates (born between 1997-2000) are opting to be freelancers rather than taking up traditional jobs. This number is only expected to grow in the next five years.Just as Gen Z is coming of age and starting to enter the workforce, other technological developments like the advent of the blockchain technology and the creation of cryptocurrencies are starting to redefine the notion of what it means to own assets in a digital world.A quick primer for the uninitiated, blockchain is a record-keeping technology that makes use of a distributed, decentralized, public ledger system. Simply put, it consists of a chain of blocks whereby a block contains digital information, and the chain is a public database. Blockchains form the foundation for the creation of digital assets which operate without the need for a central authority.As challenging as it is to wrap our heads around some of these concepts, for the digital native generation the idea of owning property that exists only in the digital world will be second nature. Thanks to a ton of experimentation and innovation in the area of asset tokenization, a new generation of “easy to own,” lightweight digital assets will be made available to the next generation. The next decade will showcase new types of digital asset types and hybrid asset ownership models that are unfamiliar to us today. However, like any new and emerging technology, a host of current growing pains will have to be addressed by entrepreneurs before the digital assets ecosystem can reach its full potential.Over the next decade, these technologies will lay the foundation for democratizing access to assets for the next generation. In the same manner that the internet democratized access to information for our generation, digital assets will make new forms of wealth accessible for the digital native generation in the coming decade.Related: The Most Important Blockchain Organizations You Should Know About4. The legalization of marijuana and the study of psychedelic drugs.In 1970, the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classified marijuana as a Schedule I drug. Schedule I drugs are said to have high risk and no counterbalancing benefit. Many theories have been proposed to explain the criminalization of marijuana at that time when their wide-ranging medicinal use was well known. But recent decades have shown a marked difference in the societal attitude towards these plants, including renewed interest from academia with calls for more research into their potential health benefits.In a first for the industry, the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2018 approved a drug derived from the marijuana plant for the treatment of severe pediatric epilepsy. Additionally, 33 US states (and counting) have given medical marijuana legal status for treating a wide variety of illnesses.In line with this trend, there has also been a resurgence in academic research into psychedelic drugs for treating “untreatable” mental disorders. They too are following more or less the same path as their close cousin, marijuana, after being made illegal as Schedule I drugs in 1977. Notably, such bans have mostly been due to pressure from big pharmaceuticals companies which are virtually uninvolved in the ongoing research.Psychedelic drugs are chemical substances capable of inducing hallucinations as well as sensory disturbances. Some of the most well-known psychedelics include lysergic acid (LSD), psilocybin which naturally occurs in “magic mushrooms” and mescaline, found in the peyote cactus. In the recent past, institutions such as John Hopkins, New York University, UCLA and others have been researching the use of these drugs for post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety resulting from cancer, alcoholism and depression.A recent study published by researchers at the John Hopkins University showed that psilocybin produced substantial and sustained decreases in depression and anxiety in patients with life-threatening cancer. Quoting the results of the study, “… mystical-type experiences on session days mediated the effect of psilocybin dose on therapeutic outcomes. Participants, staff, and community observers rated participant moods, attitudes, and behaviors throughout the study. High-dose psilocybin produced large decreases in clinician- and self-rated measures of depressed mood and anxiety, along with increases in quality of life, life meaning, and optimism, and decreases in death anxiety. At 6-month follow-up, these changes were sustained, with about 80% of participants continuing to show clinically significant decreases in depressed mood and anxiety. Study participants attributed improvements in attitudes about life/self, mood, relationships, and spirituality to the high-dose experience, with >80% endorsing moderately or greater increased well-being/life satisfaction, which was further supported by community observer ratings showing corresponding changes. “Healing mental conditions like depression is complex and intricate due to the wide range of triggers, including the non-physiological factors that might be involved. Recent studies are showing a sharp rise in depression amongst our general population, especially amongst teens. These numbers are reaching never-before-seen epidemic proportions.A noteworthy development took place in October 2018 when the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted psilocybin therapy for depression treatment, which is a Breakthrough Therapy designation. This designation presents a fast pathway for approval of drugs that display significant advantages over existing treatment methods. It even allows the FDA to assist and speed up the process.Denver is the first US jurisdiction to relax regulations on psilocybin when voters approved a referendum to decriminalize the drug. More recently, during the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, psychedelics researcher Robin Cahart-Harris said that the drugs are edging closer to gaining regulatory approval. Noteworthy, too, is the fact that investments into the field are also coming in. In the summer of 2018, a startup backed by Peter Thiel, a renowned Silicon Valley tech investor, made enough profits from psilocybin to afford to send 20,000 people on a psychedelic trip. After that, in November, an entrepreneur from Germany launched Atai Life Sciences, a $25 million startup whose objective is to back up research studies into the therapeutic potential of psychedelics for treating psychiatric diseases.By virtue of the advancements taking place in this area, the coming decade will see tremendous progress in fighting mental disorders that were previously elusive to treatment. Current research in this area might even provide a window into understanding the nature of our consciousness itself.Related: How Open Relationships and Psychedelics Have Shaped This Entrepreneur’s Mindset5: A new space race and asteroid mining.While 2018 was a great year for space travel, 2019 promises to be extraordinary with 25 various launches planned around the globe. As NASA celebrates the 50th anniversary since man’s first lunar landing, its astronauts could go back to space from the Florida Space Coast for the first time in seven years. At the same time, NASA is pushing to return to the moon and even carry out a Mars exploration.Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic is currently working on commercial flights to the moon. SpaceX also has a busy year ahead after having flown a record 21 times in 2018.China has laid out plans to dominate space, in spite of being a latecomer to the race. After NASA rejected the idea of landing on the far side of the moon, China landed its spacecraft Chang’e-4 there on January 3, 2019. The move was widely considered a remarkable achievement. They went where no man had gone before.As the next space age heats up, one unexpected area that’s poised for significant disruption is the precious metals industry. Asteroid mining, which was once science fiction, seems set to become one of the significant emerging areas related to space travel. There has been a lot of interest based on the revelation that the asteroid belt is positively brimming with mineral elements which are running low on earth. These include iron, nickel, water, gold, tungsten cobalt, ammonia, hydrogen, and nitrogen among others.NASA is at the forefront of the initiative, as it plans to probe 16 Psyche, an asteroid that is entirely made out of metal. Located in the asteroid belt area between Mars and Jupiter, the 16 Psyche could potentially yield iron worth $10,000 quadrillion. According to NASA estimates, the entire asteroid belt could be worth nearly $700 quintillion ($100 billion for everyone on earth).A significant benefit of asteroid mining is the potential to rid planet earth of damage resulting from mining exploits. It would also alleviate the current environmental crisis resulting from depletion of rare minerals. Mining on earth mostly occurs under highly unethical and toxic conditions. Taking it to outer space opens up the possibility of using robots, which cannot be exploited.In a bid to harness the economic benefits of the initiative, organizations are already positioning themselves in readiness for future efforts. For instance, Luxembourg is already working on becoming the European haven for asteroid mining. Deep Space Industries is also developing technology to make asteroid mining feasible. Asteroid Touring Nanosatellite Fleet, which was proposed in 2018, could probably inform the first step in the initiative.Asteroid mining is bound to impact the current precious metal industry significantly. Over the past century, gold has remarkably retained its high purchasing power for over a century. In 1913, an ounce of gold bought 157 gallons of gas. Today, more than a hundred years later, an ounce of gold buys over 546 gallons of gas. That’s a 248 percent increase in purchasing power. But, with the advent of new deposits that become accessible through space mining, it will be interesting to see how well something like gold will hold up its purchasing power over the next 100 years.According to John Zarnecki, the Royal Astronomical Society president and professor of Space Sciences at the Open University, getting a proof-of-concept could take 25 years. It might be another 50 years before the initiative gets a commercial start.Related: Entrepreneurs in Space: Musk Shouldn’t Have Mars All to Himself6: The decade of the distracted mind and the rise of meditation.Life in the digital world has made this the decade of the distracted mind. We witnessed a year of algorithms, content changes in 2018 (Snapchat, Insta, Tumblr) and social media backlash via altered images, fake news and Cambridge Analytica.High accessibility to social media has had significant impacts on users. More than 210 million people globally are estimated to suffer from addiction to social media and the internet. Unfortunately, this has led to an increase in depressive symptoms for teens who spend five hours every day on their phones. As a result of the addiction, the number of young adults suffering negative effects on the quality of sleep increased from 26 percent in 2015 to 41 percent in 2017.According to Professor Gabrielle Egan from the UK University of Montfort, “The problem with social networks is that they generate addiction… Nobody wants to spend hours every day updating their status and observing what other people think about them, nobody wants to do that consciously, but those behaviors are addictive… Once you get stuck in that loop, it’s very hard to break it.”Notably, the average adult’s attention span has fallen from 12 seconds in the year 2000 to about 8 seconds today. Compared to the pre-digital era, people living in the current age have to simultaneously deal with multiple stimuli rather than concentrating on a single one. The high competition for attention is, in turn, sparking renewed interest in age-old spiritual practices such as meditation and mindfulness.Subsequently, the age of social media will inadvertently spawn an era of spiritual resurgence as people strive to find themselves amongst the chaos. In fact, in the rising quest for quietness, silent retreats and other mindfulness concepts are already becoming a trend. In 2017, books that offer a path to spiritual growth experienced a sales surge of 13 percent according to a global sales monitor. Similarly, in the US, over 14 percent of adults said they had practiced yoga in 2017, from a mere 9.5 percent in 2012. At the same time, recent studies have shown that the overall trend towards traditional religion has also been falling, especially among young adults.Given these trends, as people continually strive to achieve that elusive work-life balance, mindfulness and wellness initiatives in various forms will take center stage, and new forms of digital spiritualism will gain momentum in the coming decades.Related: 7 Proven Ways Meditating Prepares You for SuccessTo me, the most exciting aspect of examining future trends is the butterfly effect. This effect is the tendency of a single trend or technology to cause a snowball effect in seemingly unrelated areas. We can’t pinpoint which of these butterfly effects will be dominant in the future. The key is to keep a close eye on each of these areas and recalibrate our thinking based on how each of these areas evolves over time.Throwing rocks into a lake is an excellent analogy to demonstrate this process. You can reasonably predict that a number of these rocks are going to hit the water surface and that a bunch of waves are going to be created. However, trying to predict how exactly these waves will emerge and interact with other waves is a losing game. The first and most important step is to be watching in the right direction when these rocks hit the water’s surface! This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. May 24, 2019 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.