Topics : The prolonged violence and inequality in Indonesia’s easternmost provinces are taking a particularly hard toll on women, increasing the risk of them becoming victims of domestic violence and hampering their empowerment, Papuan rights activists say.”Papuan people in general experience violence and the psychological stress often lead to domestic violence, so women [in Papua] experience multiple [kinds of] violence,” Papuan activist Esther Haluk said during a discussion organized by the Jakarta Feminist Discussion Group on Saturday.She cited the ongoing military operation against armed rebels in Nduga regency, Papua, which has resulted in the displacement of thousands of civilians in the region, as an example. Read also: Indonesia to evaluate special funds for Papua: Why $7.4bn since 2002 hasn’t solved problemAdditionally, Esther said women were marginalized culturally in many cases, such as in determining areas of customary land as women were rarely involved in the matter. Women were also often forced out of their land by land concessions and investments, leaving them economically vulnerable.She added that in majority Christian Papua and West Papua, “misinterpretations” of Christian teachings, such as putting men in leadership positions, often placed women as “second-class citizens”.”Generally, women in Papua today experience layers of violence.”Despite the concerns, Elvira Rukambu, a social and political science lecturer from the Cendrawasih University in Jayapura, Papua, said the current discourse of racial issues affecting Papuans had left her hopeful.She noted the favorable reception of the Papua Lives Matter movement, inspired by the global antiracism movement Black Lives Matter, which has spurred many discussions on racism and humanitarian issues, most of them organized by people outside of Papua.She compared it to the “shallow” discourse about Papuan issues in previous years, when they were usually limited to whether people support separatism or not and did not reflect the complexity of the regions that had experienced decades of violence and discrimination.”We must maintain this momentum of discussing Papua with all its complexity, especially by providing a red carpet for women’s issues as well,” Elvira said. While sheltering refugees from the conflict-ridden regency, Esther said many sick and injured women were afraid to go to the hospital as authorities would put Nduga residents under strict supervision. Her volunteer group also found that women and children made up the highest number of deaths among refugees.Aside from the violence, Esther added that women of Papua were also subjected to systemic oppression through several gender-biased policies, such as the special autonomy funds that were allocated for women.To support development in the region, the Papua and West Papua provinces were set to receive Rp 5.86 trillion (US$403.508 million) and Rp 2.51 trillion, respectively, this year from the central government. However, Papua only allocated 6 percent of the funds for women, which would also be shared with indigenous people and religious institutions, while West Papua had no specific regulation for budget-channeling to women’s issues.
Pogba’s penalties for the Red Devils this season have raised a few eyebrows due to their unorthodox nature, but that has not prevented him from persisting with the style.Following his most recent effort against Southampton, Goal takes a look at the midfielder’s new penalty technique as well as his overall record from 12 yards for both Juventus and United.What is Paul Pogba’s penalty technique?Ever the innovator, Pogba’s most recent penalty technique involves a stuttered run up to the ball, which is achieved by taking multiple tiny steps before shooting.According to the man himself, the reason behind the protracted approach to taking a penalty is to confuse the goalkeeper, something that, in theory at least, should increase his chances of scoring. However, the fact that Jordan Pickford saved a penalty back in October left the France international unsure of its effectiveness. “I always try to destabilise the ‘keeper, I always shoot like this and that’s how I know how to take penalties,” Pogba explained after the Everton game. “I might change [the style], because maybe the ‘keepers are starting to know my step. The most important [thing] is that the ball goes in.”He has persisted though – albeit with fewer steps – and it has served him well since.How many steps does Paul Pogba take in his penalties?Pogba’s unusual penalty-taking technique has prompted widespread derision, with pundits, players and even his own team-mates poking fun at the seemingly interminable journey he makes to the 12-yard marker where the ball waits patiently to be struck.The number of steps the Frenchman takes in the run up varies from penalty to penalty, but his attempt against Everton in October involved a total of 28 steps – the most this season so far.Make a comeback in your career and renew your contract. #ThingsYouCanDoDuringPogbasPenaltyRunUp pic.twitter.com/sxGx6C1i11— Luke Shaw (@LukeShaw23) October 28, 2018Remarkably, in the case of the Everton penalty, 9.96 seconds elapsed from the moment Pogba started his run until the moment he struck the ball, a fact which did not go unnoticed on social media, with videos humorously juxtaposing the penalty with Usain Bolt’s 100 metre world record sprint, which was completed in 9.58 seconds.Paul Pogba penalties for Man Utd in 2018-19DateOpponentStepsScored / MissedAug 10Leicester City19ScoredAug 19Brighton8ScoredSep 2Burnley20MissedSep 19Young Boys25ScoredOct 28Everton28MissedJan 19Brighton12ScoredJan 29Burnley10ScoredFeb 9Fulham13ScoredMar 2Southampton13MissedApr 13West Ham4ScoredApril 13West Ham5ScoredThe number of steps taken gradually increased since he first pioneered the approach this season, albeit with an anomaly appearing in his penalty against Brighton in August.Pogba took 19 steps for his successful penalty against Leicester, but that figure dropped to just eight for the penalty goal against Brighton.He missed his next effort, against Burnley in September, after taking 20 steps in the lead-up, but scored in the Champions League against Young Boys after 25 steps.The comically exaggerated run up returned in January – against Brighton and Burnley again – but the number of steps had fallen by more than half the previous efforts.Paul Pogba’s penalty record Paul Pogba has firmly established himself as Manchester United’s chief penalty taker this season and the midfielder has been typically experimental when it comes to his approach.The France international has earned a reputation for being expressive, frequently appearing on the pitch with a new hairstyle or trialling a fresh dance celebration and he brings that aspect of his personality into his game too. Paul Pogba’s overall penalty recordDateOpponentCompetitionScored / MissedSep 20, 2015GenoaSerie AScoredOct 25, 2015AtalantaSerie AMissedOct 20, 2016FenerbahceEuropa LeagueScoredAug 10, 2018Leicester CityPremier LeagueScoredAug 19, 2018BrightonPremier LeagueScoredSep 2, 2018BurnleyPremier LeagueMissedSep 19, 2018Young BoysChampions LeagueScoredOct 28, 2018EvertonPremier LeagueMissedJan 19, 2019BrightonPremier LeagueScoredJan 29, 2019BurnleyPremier LeagueScoredFeb 9, 2019FulhamPremier LeagueScoredMar 2, 2019SouthamptonPremier LeagueMissedApr 13, 2019West HamPremier LeagueScoredApr 13, 2019West hamPremier LeagueScored*Record for competitive club games onlyPrior to the 2018-19 campaign United had no outright penalty taker, with the likes of Anthony Martial, Alexis Sanchez and Romelu Lukaku each assuming the responsibility.Pogba has stepped up to the plate this season, utilising his bizarre approach to varying effects, as can be seen in the table above.Paul Pogba penalty conversion rate (by club)ClubPenalties takenScored / MissedConversion rateJuventus21 / 150%Manchester United129 / 381%TOTAL1410 / 471.4% Getty https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/GOAL/3/2c/paul-pogba-manchester-united-2018-19_rhorp6w8flxj1bw79qw8855kg.jpg?t=-1057881546&w=500&quality=80 Pogba has hit penalties for both Juventus and Manchester United, but his record is actually quite inconsistent.Pogba was junior to the likes of Andrea Pirlo during his time at Juventus, but he took two penalties while in Serie A, scoring his first against Genoa and missing against Atalanta.He first stepped up to hit a penalty for the Red Devils in 2016, scoring from the spot in a 4-1 Europa League group stage victory over Fenerbahce, but he would have to wait until 2018 for his next chance.