By Bodie V. Pennisi Georgia Extension Service Saying someone has a green thumb usually means they can make anything grow. But it can also mean they are successful in multiplying their plants.If you’re like me, every time you walk into a garden center, you have a wave of jealousy mingled with pleasure. Plant collecting is my soft spot. But how do I get more plants, different species, even cultivars?Plant propagation is the answer. It lets me expand my plant collection without threatening my pocketbook.You can start your own collection of plants. All you need are a few tools and plants and lots of enthusiasm.Basic propagation toolsThe basic tools necessary for propagation are inexpensive and can be found in most garden stores. Start with various sizes of clay or plastic pots with drainage holes.You’ll also need potting mix with good aeration and water-holding capacity. Commercial-grade mixes from garden supply stores are OK. Or you can mix your own with equal parts perlite, vermiculite and milled sphagnum moss, or equal parts sand and peat moss.Use small river stones to keep the potting mix from coming out of the pot’s bottom.You’ll need rooting hormones, too, which are especially important if you’re propagating woody plants. And sharp clippers are necessary for taking cuttings or making cuts.Finally, you’ll need plastic bags or plastic wrap, alcohol for disinfecting the clippers, a misting nozzle and labels.Most garden flowers and vegetables are grown from seed. They need water, warmth and air to germinate. Whether you buy your seeds or collect from your plants in the garden, follow several simple steps. Plant them outside in the ground or inside in a container of potting mix. Plant larger seeds two to three times as deep as their greatest dimension. Very fine seeds should be barely covered. Water carefully, using a misting nozzle, and check every day to make sure the soil doesn’t dry out. If you’re starting seeds inside, keep them in a warm place (65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit) until they germinate. Then move to a cooler place with plenty of light.If you want to just germinate seeds, spread them on a damp paper towel and leave them in a warm place. If you use mung beans or alfalfa seeds, you can eat the sprouts.Several optionsOne of the simplest vegetative propagation techniques is to remove plantlets from the mother plant. Plantlets are miniature, but complete plants, which grow by the side, or on the top, of the mother plant. Spider plant, strawberry begonia and some species of kalanchoe can be propagated that way.Division is one of the surest and easiest methods of plant propagation. It’s done almost exclusively to herbaceous plants. It’s important to divide plants when they’re dormant in spring or fall.A good rule to follow is to divide early-blooming species in the fall and late-blooming species in spring. Greenhouse and houseplants can be divided in the spring, when their new growth is about to begin.Propagation from cuttings may be made from tip cuttings, which consist of the apical bud and the first one or two nodes on the stem, or from a stem section containing a single node or several nodes. Simply stick the cutting into moist potting media, cover the pot with plastic and make sure the medium stays moist.We just grazed the surface of plant propagation. But it’s enough to get you started. So sharpen up your clippers and roll up your sleeves, ’cause it’s propagation time. Volume XXVII Number 1 Page 13
NewsTalk ZB 24 November 2017Family First Comment: It was always going to end in tears…#DenyingBiologyAustralia’s weightlifting chief says New Zealand’s selection of transgender athlete Laurel Hubbard will create an uneven playing field at next year’s Commonwealth Games.Hubbard, who will compete in the 90kg-plus division on the Gold Coast, will be the first transgender athlete to represent New Zealand at a Commonwealth Games.As Gavin Hubbard, the 39-year-old was a national junior record-holder in the male 105kg class before she transitioned into a woman in her mid-30s.Rival athletes complained that she had an unfair advantage after she won gold at the Australian Open this year, lifting 123 kilos in the snatch and 145 kilos in the clean and jerk.Australian Weightlifting Federation chief executive Michael Keelan on Friday claimed Hubbard would have both a physiological and mental edge over her rivals.“We’re in a power sport which is normally related to masculine tendencies … where you’ve got that aggression, you’ve got the right hormones, then you can lift bigger weights,” he told AAP.READ MORE: http://www.newstalkzb.co.nz/news/national/backlash-from-australia-against-transgender-weightlifter/Teammate unhappy with inclusion of transgender athlete in NZ teamRadio NZ News 24 November 2017The selection of transgender weightlifter Laurel Hubbard for the Commonwealth Games doesn’t sit well with one of her teammates.Hubbard, 39, is the first transgender sportsperson to represent New Zealand.She was cleared by the International Olympic Committee and International Weightlifting Federation to compete against other female lifters.Hubbard, who will compete in the 90kg class, became the first transgender athlete to win an international weightlifting title for New Zealand in Australia earlier this year but her victory didn’t go down well with rivals who said she had an unfair advantage having previously competed as a man.Earlier in her career she was a national junior record-holder in the male 105kg class before she transitioned in her mid-30s.Tracey Lambrechs, who won a bronze medal at the Glasgow Games, has been forced to drop down a class with the arrival of Hubbard on the women’s weight lifting scene and Lambrechs was also uncomfortable with Hubbard being able to compete.“I feel there is an unfair advantage even though it is within all the regulations… all I can hope is that they look into it and make a more educated judgement,” Lambrechs said.Lambrechs is disappointed the selection of the 12-strong weighlifting team is being overshadowed by the inclusion of Hubbard, but accepts it is an unusual situation.“I am glad that people can come out and live their lives and be happy but when it comes to a professional sporting environment it gets a bit trickier.“[She] is lifting a lot more than what the other women are… so personally I do think there is an unfair advantage.”Lambrechs was also concerned about the impact the international media attention could have on the team at the Games.READ MORE: https://www.radionz.co.nz/news/sport/344652/teammate-unhappy-with-inclusion-of-transgender-athlete-in-nz-team
Van Persie scored his first goal for over a month to put United ahead and Radamel Falcao got on the scoresheet before Wes Morgan’s own goal sealed the win, which moves Louis van Gaal’s men up to third in the Barclays Premier League. Marcin Wasilewski scored in the second half, but the Foxes were unable to pull off another great comeback like they did in the reverse fixture last September, which ended 5-3 to Leicester. Press Association The tempo was slightly quicker, but Leicester goalkeeper Schwarzer remained untested in the opening exchanges. The home fans became annoyed at their team for not going on the attack against the bottom team in the division. Too often they passed the ball sideways or backwards. Nothing seemed to be going for the hosts. Rooney’s attempted cross-field pass ended up in the East Stand. Angel di Maria showed his class by chesting down a Leicester clearance, but he followed it up by putting his volley into the crowd too. Van Persie spurned an opportunity moments later, scooping a shot high and wide from the edge of the area. The home supporters needed a goal to lift their spirits and Van Persie delivered it in spectacular fashion just before the half hour. Blind pinched the ball off Andrej Kramaric and chipped a clever ball over the Leicester back four towards Van Persie. The striker showed true class by watching the ball over his shoulder before stabbing past Schwarzer first time for his ninth of the campaign. Five minutes later, United doubled their lead. Van Persie started the move, brushing his man off the ball to find Di Maria. Schwarzer spilled the Argentinian’s shot and Falcao scrambled home his fourth goal of the season just before Ritchie De Laet and Wasilewski could intercept. United were now playing at their free-flowing best. Falcao and Di Maria exchanged passes in a quick counter, but they could not test Schwarzer. With Leonardo Ulloa isolated up front, Leicester could offer little on the attack and two minutes before the break they found themselves 3-0 down. Rooney’s corner skidded off the head of Blind and Morgan, who was caught out by the flick-on, accidentally diverted the ball into his own net. Leicester’s supporters, rather optimistically, insisted they were going to win 5-3 again. Just after introducing Esteban Cambiasso at the break, the Foxes hit United on the counter, but Kramaric’s attempted bicycle kick failed spectacularly. United remained by far the superior team though. Adnan Januzaj, making his first league start in almost three months, wanted in on the act, but his swirling 25-yard shot dipped just over Schwarzer’s bar. Ulloa had a pretty desperate penalty appeal turned down when he slipped in the box on the hour. A brief moment of panic followed when substitute David Nugent nudged last man Phil Jones off the ball, but David de Gea came out to stop the former England striker. Van Persie earned a standing ovation when he came off with 22 minutes to go. Leicester grabbed one back when Wasilewski headed in at the far post, but there was not enough time to mount another comeback and United coasted to victory. Robin van Persie ended his dry spell with a spectacular finish that propelled Manchester United to a comfortable 3-1 win over Leicester. Van Persie spoke candidly this week about how disappointed he was with his form this season. The Dutchman said his performances had not been up to scratch and conceded he did not know if he had done enough to earn a contract extension. But on Saturday he looked something like the Van Persie who scored 30 goals in his debut season at the club. The Dutchman watched Daley Blind’s chip pass over his left shoulder before expertly stabbing the ball past Mark Schwarzer with his right boot. Replays showed the 31-year-old may have been slightly offside, but he did not care. Falcao rounded off a move which Van Persie started five minutes later and the three points were in the bag at half-time after Morgan turned Wayne Rooney’s corner into his own net The win – and the fact that they scored three goals – will give confidence to Van Gaal’s team, who had scored just five goals in their previous six matches. For the first 20 minutes, United looked just as flat as they did in their last home match – the 1-0 defeat to Southampton.
CAPE TOWN (Reuters) – Opening batsman Aiden Markram has said he would give an “arm and a leg” to captain South Africa in Tests but admits doubting his own ability during a difficult 12 months in the longer format.Markram, 25, is considered one of the front-runners to take over the Test captaincy from Faf du Plessis when South Africa return to five-day action, and would likely have been a shoo-in if his form had not dipped so dramatically in the last year.“It is just nice to be considered and I’d give an absolute arm and a leg to be able to do it, but in the same breath I don’t want to become desperate about it,” Markram said in an interview released by Cricket South Africa (CSA) on Monday.“It’s one of those things where if it were to happen it would be amazing. But if not, there are plenty of good leaders within the environment that will definitely take the team.”Markram led South Africa to victory at the 2014 Cricket Under-19 World Cup, and had been tipped by current CSA director of cricket Graeme Smith as a future captain for the senior side.“I really enjoy captaincy,” Markram said. “I enjoy the responsibilities that come with it. I have been able to watch from franchise captains to a guy like Faf and it is just something that I would love to do.”But Markram must first regain his starting place in the side. The opener averaged above 45 in his first 15 tests, but in the next five managed only 183 runs at an average of 18.30.He had a spell on the sidelines after injuring his hand when he struck a wall following a pair of ducks in India last year.“I have certainly doubted myself and doubted my abilities,” Markram said. “At the top level, you’re just a few bad knocks away from people wanting you out of the team. I doubted myself quite a bit this last year.“It’s a tough space to be in but it comes with the territory and if you want to be a top performer at a high level, you’ve got to find ways to deal with it.”South Africa are next scheduled to be in action for two Tests in the West Indies in late July, though that tour is under threat due to the COVID-19 pandemic.