Zixu Wang | The Observer On Tuesday, student organizations hosted “My Culture is Not Your Costume” to discuss cultural appropriation in Halloween costumes.“We host this event to provide information of minority group’s culture, such as costume’s meanings and relations to the culture, and whether it would be offensive if you put it on,” senior Morgan Lumpkin, vice president of Notre Dame’s Black Student Association, said.While generally recognizing respecting other cultures, the essential question is how to draw the line between “cultural appreciation” and “cultural appropriation,” Lumpkin said.”It’s hard to draw a universal line while it should be different in multiple cases of diverse cultures,” she said. “It usually depends on the people who belong to that culture, so why don’t you ask them, saying ‘Hey can I wear it as a costume on Halloween?’”Law school student Lauren LeVan, who was born in the United States to a mother from the Philippines and a father from Laos, said while some people wear costumes derived from a particular culture as a fantasy, those who are of that culture can find it unfair and disrespectful.“Some costumes have a special link to culture and identity, and it’s offensive when someone who has no relation to or no knowledge of a culture just interjects,” she said.For LeVan, “fantasizing” is the line when it comes to offending.“The rice paddy hat has it’s own function and cultural relation to ancient agricultural civilization,” she said. ”If someone wears it out of context, like on Halloween, I will be uncomfortable. If you even do the fake Asian accent … you are mocking and putting damaging portraits or stigmas on Asians, and I will totally get upset and offended.”LeVan said stances like this can be seen as too sensitive, but her feelings remain unchanged.“Maybe it is sensitive but it’s not your place to tell me how to feel. If you’re offending me, you are offending me,” she said. “Halloween is an occasion of creativity. Why would you do something which could be offensive when you could do something more interesting and entertaining?”Cultural appropriation has implications of racial tensions and power, LeVan said.“There is a systematic unbalance [of] power between majority and minority groups,” LeVan said. “Minorities always think of what is suitable and how to act in social situations [as it] corresponds to surroundings. But I don’t think the majority [ethnicity] have this concern. … It’s kinda painful. That’s why in Halloween it’s important to make everyone equally show concerns to others.”However, since last year, there have been disputes about the event.“Some people accused us of killing Halloween, but we really don’t want to downplay it,” Lumpkin said. “People have [the] freedom to dress how they want, but we also don’t want people to walk into a party and get upset by others’ costumes.”Lumpkin said the goal of the event was not to judge people, but rather discuss ways people can make more respectful and thoughtful costume choices.“You don’t need to be offensive to be funny,” she said.Some faculty members also sent reminders about Halloween costumes and respect for other cultures. On Monday, Diversity and Inclusion of Notre Dame Law School sent an email to all law school students stating, “[We] would like to take a moment to remind everyone to be respectful of the faith, culture and identity of others. Problems can be avoided by simply caring about the way your actions make other people feel.”Justin North, a law student who works in Diversity and Inclusion, said he believes it is possible to celebrate and respect a culture by wearing costumes.”Our nation has long been a melting pot of cultures and is significantly better for it, and there is a significant amount of nuance necessary to balance the good of diversity with the power imbalance between cultures,” he said. “As for me, the costume wearer’s intention and knowledge of the culture they are representing decides whether it is cultural appropriation, but it may not be possible to display appropriate levels of respect and understanding for a culture. Meanwhile, I have no idea where others might draw the line and take offense, so I advise making sure you are informed about the costume choices you make and are able to explain your actions.”Tags: African Students Association, Asian American Association, Black Student Association, Diversity and Inclusion, Jewish Club of Notre Dame, Latino Student Alliance, Native American Student Association of Notre Dame Student groups gathered Tuesday to host “My Culture is Not Your Costume,” a panel about cultural appropriation on Halloween. The organizations sponsoring the event included the Black Student Association, Latino Student Alliance, Asian American Association, Native American Student Association, African Students Association, Jewish Club and Dome-ish. Four students shared their experiences and opinions, mentioning costumes such as blackface and kimonos.
Marvin Leon Phelps, 70, of Rising Sun, IN, passed away at 11:53 PM, Saturday, June 18th, 2016 at Blake Memorial Hospital in Bradenton, FL. Marvin was born in Shopville, KY on March 17, 1946, a son of Helen (Bales) Phelps, of Rising Sun, IN and the late Orville Lee Phelps. He served his country in the U.S. Army and was a member of the Rising Sun American Legion Post 59 and Legion Rider. Marvin was also a faithful member of the Rising Sun First Baptist Church. He worked as a truck driver for several years and retired from Crum Trucking in Batesville, IN. He was the husband of Saundra (Runyan) Phelps. Marvin and Sandy were married in Newport, KY on July 13, 1974. They were married nearly 42 years. Riding his motorcycle was Marvin’s passion and he also enjoyed hunting deer and turkey. He made friends wherever he went. Marvin was a loving husband, son, father, grandfather, great grandfather, uncle and friend and will be deeply missed by all that knew him.Marvin is survived by his wife, Saundra Phelps of Rising Sun, IN; by his mother, Helen Phelps of Rising Sun, IN; by a daughter, Rochella G. Phelps, of Butler, KY; by three sons, Marvin Leon Phelps, Jr. (Annette), of Harrison, OH; Richard Lee Phelps (Sarah), of Issaquah, WA; Robert C. Zehner (Melissa), of Bakersfield, CA; by 10 grandchildren and 8 great grandchildren; by four sisters, Diane Salyers, of Rising Sun, IN; Vickie Shelton, of Cincinnati, OH; Nina Dickerson, of Cincinnati, OH; Julie Courter (Donnie), of Rising Sun, IN. Marvin was preceded in death by his father Orville Lee Phelps and by a daughter Kimberly Phelps.A celebration of life service will be held at 7 PM, Wednesday, June 29 at the Markland Funeral Home in Rising Sun, IN with Rev. Jim Jenkins officiating. Military services by the Rising Sun American Legion Color Guard will be held immediately following. Visitation will be Wednesday 3-7 PM at Markland Funeral Home. Memorial donations may be made to the Rising Sun American Legion. marklandfuneralhome.com
By Nick MulvenneyMELBOURNE,(Reuters)-Australia have included uncapped Mitchell Swepson and recalled Ashton Agar in a four-man spin-bowling unit for the Test tour of India, part of a versatile squad they hope can turn the tide of their recent results in the country.The Australians, who have lost their last nine series in India, also recalled all-rounders Mitchell Marsh and Glenn Maxwell to allow flexibility to deal whatever conditions they face in the four tests starting next month.Top order batsman Shaun Marsh, Mitchell’s brother, was also recalled after losing his place in the side for the series against South Africa and Pakistan through injury.Jackson Bird was included in the 16-man squad as a third pace option along with Josh Hazlewood and Mitchell Starc, despite being dropped for the final Test against Pakistan to allow two spinners to play in Sydney.The Australians will review their fast-bowling resources after the second Test in Bangalore.“We don’t know what pitch conditions we will come up against in each of the venues but wanted to make sure we have plenty of options available to us,” head selector Trevor Hohns said.“We know India is an incredibly tough place to tour and to succeed in, but we have a squad here which we believe can perform well enough in those conditions to give a good account of itself.“No country has performed all that well over there in the last 10 years or more, but somehow, some way, someone has to turn the tide.”Leg spinner Swepson and left-arm orthodox spinner Agar, who played two Tests in England in 2013, will act as back-up to off spinner Nathan Lyon and left-armer Steve O’Keefe.Swepson, who has played 14 first class matches, won out over Adam Zampa because he is the more attacking of the two spinners, Hohns said.“He is an exciting young leg spinner, he gives the ball a very good rip, he’s a wicket-taking leg-spinner,” he added.“Given the opportunity, we think he could play a part over there. If he doesn’t, he’ll gain a lot from being there.”Hohns described Agar, who scored 98 with the bat on debut in the 2013 Ashes, as a “good all round package” who offered yet more versatility to the squad.Mitchell Marsh edged out all-rounder Hilton Cartwright, who made his debut in the Pakistan series, because of his superior bowling, Hohns said.Maxwell, a fast-scoring batsman who has been largely restricted to the shorter forms for his country, played the last of his three tests two years ago.“Glenn is very experienced in Indian conditions, he’s generally regarded as a good player of spin bowling, he’s a good fielder and his off-spin is handy,” said Hohns.Opener Matt Renshaw and Peter Handscomb, who both impressed after making their debuts in the home summer, were also included, the latter offering back-up to the single specialist wicket-keeper, Matt Wade.The first Test starts in Pune on Feb. 23 and is followed by matches in Bangalore, Ranchi and Dharamsala.Squad: Steve Smith (captain), David Warner, Matt Renshaw, Usman Khawaja, Shaun Marsh, Peter Handscomb, Mitchell Marsh, Glenn Maxwell, Matt Wade, Mitchell Starc, Josh Hazlewood, Jackson Bird, Nathan Lyon, Stephen O’Keefe, Ashton
Eleven minutes.That’s how close the women’s soccer team was to pulling off a minor miracle last Friday night.The Women of Troy were facing off against crosstown rival UCLA and came into the match as heavy underdogs. USC is a relatively young team with a first-year head coach in Keidane McAlpine, and the Bruins came into the matchup as the undefeated defending national champions. It was the final game of the regular season, and with the football team on a bye week, the rivalry was played out in front of about 10,000 fans under the stadium lights of the Coliseum.Just short · Sophomore Kayla Mills (18) and the women’s soccer team fell short in their upset bid of No. 1 UCLA last Friday night. USC’s women’s volleyball team will now try its hand at upsetting top-ranked Stanford tonight. – Mariya Dondonyan | Daily TrojanThe Bruins controlled possession for most of the game and had numerous opportunities to break through, but the USC defense held tight for all of the first half and most of the second half. But the Women of Troy couldn’t hold on for a full 90 minutes as UCLA found the back of the net in the 79th minute. The Bruins added a second goal in the 87th minute to seal a 2-0 victory.The defeat brings up some bad memories from other sporting events in the same venue this year. It also gives me somewhat of a bad feeling as the women’s volleyball team goes into a very similar challenge tonight against Stanford.But I’ll stick by my assessment that fans should be proud, not disappointed, by the soccer team’s performance. Likewise, though my expectations might not be high, I absolutely plan on seeing the volleyball team play tonight in the Galen Center because the Women of Troy’s match is sure to be exciting regardless of the outcome.If you didn’t see the soccer game Friday, you’ve probably seen at least one similar result on a Saturday. The USC football team has had two of those kinds of losses in conference play, first against Arizona State and then against Utah, where a Pac-12 rival just barely snuck past the Trojan defense to steal a victory at the end of the game. Not only was the soccer team’s result very similar to those of the football team, but the game plan and general style of play was as well.The soccer team by all means played a very conservative game against UCLA. It seemed like the Women of Troy played the entire game with only one forward positioned relatively high on the field and five midfielders positioned relatively low alongside the four defenders. Almost every soccer team plays with four defenders, but teams will commonly play with two or three forwards instead of having so many players in the midfield.Not only did USC drop nine of 10 field players into defense when the Bruins had the ball, but the Women of Troy looked equally cautious with the ball. McAlpine didn’t just concede that the Women of Troy weren’t going to score barring a major defensive blunder from UCLA, but it didn’t even look like USC was trying to keep possession. An old sports adage is that the best defense is a good offense, and maintaining possession for an extended period of time prevents an opponent from scoring during that time. But the Women of Troy thought the best strategy on defense was to “park the team bus in front of the goal,” as the saying goes in soccer, instead of trying to keep the ball away from the Bruins. Though the Bruin outside defenders were very involved on offense and pressed forward when UCLA had the ball, USC almost always kept all four defenders behind midfield. Instead of supporting the ballcarrier while USC had possession, the outside defenders helped protect against an uneven attack the other way.Yes, it was frustrating seeing the game plan fail so close to the finish line. But as I’ve consistently said when looking at the football team, playing conservatively is not inherently flawed. There are reasons why teams do it, and there are situations as well as opponents in which it really makes sense.The simplest and most accurate explanation for why the soccer team lost to UCLA is that UCLA was the better team. The Bruins were not only faster, but also better ball handlers. There’s very little the Women of Troy could have done against such a task.If opponents have much more speed, it’s almost impossible to beat them with aggressive, quick-strike counterattacks — in fact, those just leave you vulnerable to their counterattacks in return. But if a team also has much better ball control, it’s very hard to keep possession for large chunks of time. Bringing outside defenders forward to support possession on offense just opens up the opportunity for more counterattacks. It’s obviously much easier to defend a team with nine defenders in a tight space than with just your two center defenders in an open field.After watching the soccer game Friday, I’m particularly cautious about any optimism going into the women’s volleyball game today because it’s particularly hard to engineer an upset in that sport. Unlike in soccer, volleyball teams can’t just sit back and hopefully wait to capitalize on one big mistake. UCLA ultimately avoided any major errors, but one bad turnover midway through the second half could have been enough for USC to take the lead and change the dynamic of a game. In volleyball, you need more than one mistake and one point to steal a match. You need at least 25 points just to win one set, and it takes three sets to claim a match. One big point certainly can be the difference between a win and a loss in volleyball, but it can’t wash away an otherwise completely dominant performance like it can in soccer.But I wouldn’t say the volleyball team is severely outmatched going into the Stanford matchup. Yes, the Cardinal are undefeated on the season and ranked as the No. 1 team in the country, but the Women of Troy actually took a set of Stanford in a 23-25, 25-22, 25-20, 25-19 defeat earlier this season in Palo Alto.Despite the disappointing result at the Coliseum Friday, it was a tremendously exciting fan atmosphere to be a part of and totally worth the trip. Not only was the record-breaking turnout — mostly local youth soccer league players and their parents, along with a fair number of students — exciting to experience, but the game itself was fantastic. The Women of Troy didn’t have a ton of scoring chances but they fought valiantly with their backs against the wall all game. I left the Coliseum proud to call those student-athletes my classmates.I’m equally excited about catching the volleyball game tonight. I’m hopeful for a classic upset, but there’s also something inherently awesome about watching USC athletes representing our school.I won’t go as far as predicting an upset like I did before USC’s trip to Washington this year — the team lost to the Huskies in straight sets. But I urge anyone reading this to join me at 7:30 p.m. in the Galen Center.Maybe all the Women of Troy need to engineer an upset is some good ole home-court advantage.Luke Holthouse is a sophomore majoring in broadcast and digital journalism and policy, planning and development. His column, “Holthouse Party,” runs Wednesdays.