Over the course of Condoleezza Rice’s many trips to Africa, one indelible image — at a museum commemorating the roughly 800,000 people murdered in the 1994 Rwandan genocide — still haunts the former secretary of state.“There was a note that had been found in the rubble, and it was from a little boy about 8 years old. And it said, ‘Don’t worry, the U.N. is coming,’ ” Rice recalled at the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) on Tuesday (Nov. 30). “Well, of course, the U.N. never came.”That era marked a low point in foreign policy toward Africa, she said, and indeed, much of Rice’s work in the region demonstrated her desire to re-engage with the often-struggling continent. In her talk, “The National Interest, Africa, and the African Diaspora: Does U.S. Foreign Policy Connect the Dots?” Rice argued that the United States’ continued involvement in African affairs is good for this country — and the American idea — as well.Rice argued for an American foreign policy toward Africa that will promote internal and international stability, as well as the American ideal of democratic governance.“America is both an idea and a superpower,” she said. “The ups and downs, the ins and outs of making those two strains in our foreign policy work together go very far back in our history.”The event, co-sponsored by the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research, was the first of three lectures Rice will give this week on the black experience in American foreign policy.Rice’s talk drew on her varied experiences in academia and politics, from her graduate research on Cold War-era policies toward Africa to her time as a national security adviser and cabinet member in President George W. Bush’s administration. Rice is now a professor of political economy in the Stanford Graduate School of Business, a professor of political science at Stanford, and the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Stanford-affiliated Hoover Institution.She described the evolution of America’s interaction with Africa. During the Cold War, aid to the continent was largely motivated by ideological and strategic competition with Africa’s other major benefactor, the Soviet Union. In the 1990s, without a Soviet foil in the region, “U.S. interests tended to lack clarity,” she said.Rice and Bush had always intended to re-evaluate “the African agenda” after entering office, she said, but the 9/11 terrorist attacks heightened the sense of urgency.“U.S. interests became redefined worldwide, not just around terrorism, but around the notion that we needed to have responsible sovereigns in the world,” Rice said. The Bush administration’s policies toward Africa were animated by the idea “that failed states were a danger, not just to themselves, but a danger to international stability.”She highlighted the Bush administration’s successes, including a threefold increase in aid to Africa, increased funding for malaria and HIV/AIDS research, and the successful ousting of authoritarian leaders such as Charles Taylor, who presided over a brutal civil war in Liberia. One of the most promising trends on the continent, she said, was “the emergence of democratic leaders, mostly in small states, who were making a difference for their people” and who were willing to give up power peacefully.Rice championed the United States’ “overt advocacy” of democracy to African nations over the past decade, adding that she didn’t believe that healthy civil societies would spring up on their own. “I’ve never understood how habits of democracy develop in authoritarian circumstances” without outside guidance, Rice said.Still, she maintained a realist’s perspective on working with authoritarian leaders.“In the long run, the United States is better off as democracies progress and authoritarians recede,” she said. “But the United States is not an NGO [nongovernmental organization], and it is never going to have pure policies” for dealing with democracies or authoritarian states.Rice also discussed the effects the global recession might have on African countries. Although Africa’s growth rates have remained stable, she said, she worries whether formerly wealthy Western nations will be able to provide “continued assistance to African governments that are doing the right thing.”And while China has stepped up to support the continent, Rice questioned whether its “rather mercantilist” investment in Africa — designed to fuel China’s own growth and create more jobs for the Chinese, rather than to spur African economic development — is hurting Africa more than it helps.Regardless, she said, it’s time for African nations to take responsibility for their continent’s successes and failures.“It’s been a place of high potential for a really long time,” Rice said. “It’s important that that potential be realized.”Rice will speak on “Multiethnic Democracy: Is the American Experience Unique?” on Wednesday (Dec. 1) and “Why Democracy Matters: Education, Empowerment, and the American National Myth at Home and Abroad” on Thursday (Dec. 2). Both events will be held from 4 to 5:30 p.m. in Askwith Hall in the Longfellow Building and are co-sponsored by the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Two-time world title challenger Luke Campbell was due to compete against Ryan Garcia for the WBC interim lightweight title in America on December 5 Last Updated: 10/11/20 7:40pm – Advertisement – Campbell has not fought since his defeat to Vasiliy Lomachenko in August 2019 for the WBC, WBA and WBO lightweight world titles. Campbell’s promoter Eddie Hearn has confirmed an alternative date will be sought soon and is only anticipating a short delay.Hearn said on Twitter: “Unfortunately @luke11campbell tested positive for Covid 19.“He has completed isolation and resumes training shortly but will not be fit for Dec 5. We are working on a new date with @GoldenBoyBoxing and @DAZNBoxing and only anticipate a very short delay to this great fight.”- Advertisement – Luke Campbell’s fight against Ryan Garcia has been postponed after the British boxer tested positive for coronavirus.Two-time world title challenger Campbell was due to compete against Garcia for the WBC interim lightweight title in America on December 5, but the fight will have to be rescheduled after the Brit’s positive test was confirmed.The 2012 Olympic champion has now recovered and is out of isolation but the two weeks of training that has been lost has hit his preparation for the huge bout, leaving the 33-year-old with no option but to pull out.
Dunne’s angled pass out of defence was chested down by skipper Zamora perfectly into the path of Austin, whose drive flashed past the despairing hand of Guzan to give the Rs a valuable lead. Benteke had a chance to level matters with a header shortly afterwards but could only flick Westwood’s cross wide of Green’s post as Villa searched for an immediate riposte. Republic of Ireland defender Dunne, who spent four years at Villa Park, was again the man to put his body on the line as he blocked Benteke’s next effort as Agbonlahor and Weimann combined on the break to open up the Rangers defence. Sandro came closest to extending the QPR lead before the interval but his cute chip was too high to catch Guzan off his line and drifted behind for a goal kick as Rangers reached half-time in front. The second half started in much the same vein but Villa should have equalised on 55 minutes when Clark could only poke wide from close range after being picked out by Benteke’s downward header from Westwood’s deep free-kick. Zamora, who had spent the night hassling and harrying the Villa defence and proved he could still be a thorn in the side of an opposing team, was withdrawn just after the hour as Redknapp introduced Junior Hoilett from the bench. The Canadian winger almost made an immediate impact but saw a clever shot hit the far post, but it was not long until Austin’s second goal killed off the game as the former Burnley frontman did well to beat Ron Vlaar to Eduardo Vargas’ low cross to steer the ball past Guzan with just over 20 minutes remaining. Lambert responded by bringing on Darren Bent and Joe Cole but it was Vargas who should have made it three for QPR as he broke the offside trap before his tame effort was kept out by Guzan. Villa’s luck in front of goal continued to desert them as Tom Cleverley’s strike was palmed back into the middle of the box by Green, who then recovered well to prevent Clark from tapping home. That proved to be the last meaningful chance at a consolation for Villa, who will be hoping to halt their slide when they welcome similarly out-of-form Tottenham to Villa Park on Sunday. Having proved the architects of their own downfall with two own goals in the recent defeat to Liverpool, Rangers came out on top at Loftus Road in a game against an Aston Villa outfit bereft of confidence. When Austin struck a sweet half-volley in the first half the writing was already on the wall for Paul Lambert’s visitors, who have now gone over eight hours since scoring a goal, and another predatory finish the other side of the interval secured what could be a vital 2-0 win. They may have faced Arsenal, Chelsea, Manchester City and Everton in recent weeks – with an 11-0 aggregate reverse scoreline – but these sorts of evenings need to produce results if Villa are to stay clear of the pack squabbling at the foot of the table. But, for Redknapp and QPR, this was a much-needed second win of the campaign which lifts them above fellow newly-promoted side Burnley and to within two points of 17th-placed Leicester as the 67-year-old continues to face questions about his future. As well as Austin’s two efforts, Redknapp would have been pleased with the developing link-up play his goalscorer is enjoying with the industrious Bobby Zamora – whilst the league’s worst defence kept just their second clean sheet of the campaign with Rio Ferdinand again an unused substitute. Ciaran Clark was brought back into the Villans’ defence but he wasted their best chance to grab just their fifth league goal of the season, with five defeats in succession leaving Villa only three points clear of their Monday night hosts. The recalled Villa duo of Carlos Sanchez and Andreas Weimann combined well in the early stages, with the latter’s cross headed to Ashley Westwood who could only arrow his shot into the chest of fit-again Rob Green. Gabriel Agbonlahor, who scored Villa’s last league goal back in mid-September, saw a low effort bravely blocked by former team-mate Richard Dunne as Lambert’s side began to dominant possession. Green was again called into action moments later as Sanchez thrashed a shot towards goal from distance but, fortunately for the former England goalkeeper, the effort flew straight into his grasp. Brad Guzan was not as lucky at the other end as Redknapp’s men broke the deadlock from the next attack following a simple long ball forward. A brace from Charlie Austin lit up an otherwise forgettable game as QPR moved off the bottom of the Premier League and eased the mounting pressure on manager Harry Redknapp. Press Association