Video testimonies of genocide survivors in the USC Shoah Foundation’s digital archives are now being used for educational purposes by institutions of higher learning worldwide. Shoah also now offers tours of the facilities to enhance the learning experience.The foundation is located on the first floor of Leavey Library. The next public tour is scheduled for Tuesday at 10 a.m.The foundation was founded in 1994 by film director Steven Spielberg. Krystal Szabo, Shoah Foundation coordinator of external relations, said while he was working on Schindler’s List, Spielberg recognized a need to document the testimonies of Holocaust survivors and allow them to articulate their experiences.Currently, the foundation has more than 52,000 video testimonies in its archives, with an average length of 2 hours. Though most of the testimonies are from Holocaust survivors, there are also testimonies from those who have survived the Tutsi genocide in Rwanda, the Armenian genocide and the Cambodian genocide, Szabo said. The foundation’s archive includes testimonies from 56 countries in 32 languages and is the largest of its kind in the world.Anne Marie Stein, Shoah Foundation director of communications, said that the focus of the foundation is currently shifting from collecting testimonies to using the testimonies already gathered for educational purposes.“There are over 70 classes at USC alone that integrate the testimonies into their curriculum,” Stein said.Szabo affirmed this expansion of the foundation’s mission and said the shift was the reason the name of the foundation was changed from the “Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation” to the “USC Shoah Foundation —The Institute for Visual History and Education.”“Today the institute strives to understand and share the insights contained with the Visual History Archive via a multitude of programs with educators, students, researchers and scholars on every continent,” Szabo said.Making the thousands of digital testimonies in the Visual History Archive easier to navigate, as well as launching new educational programs that use the testimonies, has been a major focus of the foundation.Among these programs are IWitness, which gives secondary school teachers and students access to more than 1,000 testimonies of Holocaust survivors and witnesses, and Echoes and Reflection, a Holocaust curriculum designed to help students understand the Holocaust and their own life stories in a personal way.Allowing the Visual History Archive to be used in the development of curriculum at various academic institutions remains a priority for the Shoah Foundation. Currently more than 300 courses in 25 disciplines at 35 universities draw from the foundation’s archive of testimonies, Stein said.One of these courses is IML 340, “The Praxis of New Media: Digital Argument,” at the USC School of Cinematic Arts. Taught by Professor DJ Johnson, the course gives students the opportunity to take excerpts from the testimonials in the Visual History Archive and create their own short films or “digital arguments.”“This class is very much like directed research projects,” Johnson said. “Our goal is to contemporize issues like the Holocaust and show how history and memory have been reshaped by testimony.”Chris Rowe, a senior majoring in writing for screen and television, said that his experience in IML 340 was a profound, personal one.“We were required to incorporate personal narrative with the testimonies we saw,” Rowe said. “I wanted my work to express how the testimonies really invaded the space in which I lived.”Maddie Renov, a senior majoring in communication, said that working on her digital argument as part of the class and watching the testimonials from the Visual History Archive transformed her understanding of the Holocaust.“I’ve been learning about the Holocaust my whole life, but being able to experience the testimonies is completely different,” Renov said. “The three women I featured had stories that really spoke to me. I felt like I knew them.”Even students who haven’t been exposed to the foundation through class recognize the importance and significance of the archives.“This is the only foundation I know of that does something like this, and I’m glad USC is a part of it,” said Freddie Archer, a freshman majoring in communication. “We definitely can’t forget such an important part of history.”Katina Mitchell, a graduate student studying early music performance, had not heard of the foundation before but said it was something she would be interested in learning more about.“It seems like a really great resource for research,” she said.In addition to making the Visual History Archive available to schools and educational institutions, the Shoah Foundation began giving public tours of the institute last July. Monthly tours are free and open to the public and allow guests to explore the testimonies in the archive.
The Dornsife Washington, D.C. program sent its first group of students to the nation’s capital to study and intern for the spring semester.After going through an application process that included essay questions, recommendation letters and a formal interview, eighteen students were selected to participate in the program. All students are currently enrolled in three classes called, Espionage and Intelligence, Formulation of U.S. Foreign Policy and Managing New Global Challenge. Students can receive up to 4 units from their internship through the program.Jeffrey Fields, USC alumnus and assistant professor of the practice of international relations, is the director of the spring 2015 Washington, D.C. program.Fields first heard about the idea for the program from Steven Lamy, a professor of international relations and vice dean for academic programs.“The main idea of this program is to take students interested in politics and policy and bring them to Washington where they can take classes and work, but the idea is to pull all those things together, the academic studies, the work and seeing practical politics come to life,” Fields said.Students are required to participate in an internship which requires 20 to 30 hours of work per week. Though only international relations are currently offered, Fields anticipated offering classes in political science and economics in the future.Every participant will be living together in apartments and will be taking the same three classes, each student has been assigned to a unique internship. Students are interning in many different sectors, ranging from think tanks on Capitol Hill to government agencies.For example, Dan Morgan-Russell, a junior majoring in international relations and global economy, is working as a scholar intern under Diana Negroponte and Paul. D Williams at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.In addition to researching small, individual questions on topics such as the Cold War and Somalia, Morgan-Russell also is able to conduct his own research. Morgan-Russell applied to the program to figure out his plans following graduation. Through his internship experience with a think tank, he said that he would like to work in the future with a non-governmental organization.“I feel really fortunate to be in the first iteration of this program, and I’m really looking forward to hearing how it continues to grow in the years to come,” Morgan-Russell said. “I really think it’ll be a feather in the cap of the University of Southern California if we continue to nurture this program and give the opportunity to young scholars, like myself, access to the kinds of opportunities you can only find in our nation’s capital.”Meanwhile, Kara Junttila, a sophomore majoring in international relations and political economy, is a research intern at the Henry L. Stimson Center.Junttila helps research associates by conducting background research, drafting grant proposals and coordinating various events. She had the opportunity to write an op-ed with one of the co-founders of the Stimson Center that was published in Roll Call, a newspaper on Capitol Hill. As a result of her time spent in D.C., Junttila plans on staying for the summer to see what’s it like working in the government sector.“It’s such a good experience to get outside of L.A. and to see what there is to do professionally after school and to make sure you like what you’re studying,” Junttila said.Riyana Chakraborty, a sophomore majoring in international relations (global business), is a research assistant at the South Asia Center with the Atlantic Council.Chakraborty performs intern duties such as planning events, but she also does research for acting director Bharath Gopalaswamy. Her current research focuses on Indian space security objectives and policy initiatives.Chakraborty explained that her favorite part of the program is having the opportunity to listen to the guest lecturers who come in to talk to students. “Every single class is a class you can take at USC, but when you take it here, the professors are constantly bringing in outside speakers who are experts in their field here in D.C.,” Chakraborty said. “The material we’re learning comes to life when they come to speak to us and when they tell us about what it’s really like to be here, and that’s something that’s very different from sitting in a classroom in L.A.”Correction: A previous version of this story stated the students are enrolled in one class and are able to receive 16 units through their internship. They are actually enrolled in three classes and able to receive 4 units through their internship. The Daily Trojan regrets the error.
Manchester United extended their lead at the top of the Premier League to 12 points with a routine victory over Everton at Old Trafford.Sir Alex Ferguson’s side took full advantage of champions Manchester City slipping up at Southampton on Saturday evening to open up a commanding gap as they go in search of their 20th title.United made few concessions to Wednesday’s last-16 Champions League meeting with Real Madrid in The Bernabeu as a strong starting line-up closed out another crucial win with few alarms.Real coach Jose Mourinho watched from Old Trafford’s directors’ box as Ryan Giggs scored for the 23rd successive top-flight season to give United an early lead and Robin van Persie added his 23rd goal of the season just before half-time.Everton never looked likely to repeat last season’s feat of clawing back a two-goal deficit to draw 4-4 at Old Trafford. That was a comeback that fatally damaged United’s title chances but this time they never seriously threatened such a shock.Manager David Moyes suffered a setback just before kick-off when experienced defender Sylvain Distin pulled out with a virus after feeling unwell in the warm-up, forcing the Scot to draft in John Heitinga after he struggled so badly in the 3-3 draw against Aston Villa. United should have taken an early lead when the pair combined to open up Everton’s readjusted rearguard. Wayne Rooney played in Van Persie, who rounded Everton keeper Tim Howard but proved his fallibility by striking the outside of an upright from the angle.Everton did not survive a second time shortly after when Van Persie escaped the ponderous Heitinga in the area to set up Giggs, who scored from 12 yards via the inside of a post.There was some hope for Everton as they enjoyed a spell of possession and Leon Osman brought a fine diving save from David De Gea with a 20-yard volley – but United struck crucially just before the interval to put the game out of reach.Everton had played a dangerous game as Van Persie was caught narrowly offside on a number of occasions but there was no flag to rescue the Merseysiders as he raced on to Rafael’s pass, evaded Howard once more and scored despite Heitinga’s best efforts on the line.Play mediaThe second half meandered tamely until the 65th minute when United’s Jonny Evans was blocked three times in a goalmouth scramble, twice by Howard, who then saved spectacularly from Tom Cleverley. It had been a relatively subdued affair but there was a burst of action as Van Persie screwed an effort wide at one end then Everton substitute Nikica Jelavic’s low shot brought De Gea into the action.Old Trafford was emptying long before referee Mark Halsey’s final whistle and this increasingly looks like the weekend when United took an unassailable lead over their title rivals.